The aura of this city influences specially on people: Bukhara was created for lovers of a real oriental fairytale
The well-known book hero of the population of Central Asia, wit and troublemaker Khoja Nasreddin (by the way, his monument is in Bukhara) always drove into this city with the words: “Hello, Noble Bukhara!”. And this is not a literary turn at all. In the East, only seven cities had the status of “noble” – Mecca, Medina, Baghdad, Jerusalem, Mazar-i-Sharif, Cairo and Bukhara.
Over its centuries-old history of existence, the city has earned many epithets: “The Pearl of the Great Silk Road”, “The Sacred”, “Priceless”, “City – Museum”, “The City of Poetry and Fairy Tales” and many others.
In translation from the ancient Sogdian language, Bukhara means “successful locality”. The emergence of the city was associated with various legends and traditions.
During the Great Silk Road, there were more than 60 caravanserais in the city, where merchants from India, China, Iran and other countries stayed. Bukhara remained as a fertile oasis, a major scientific and cultural center. The fact that the city was located at the crossroads of caravan roads is evidenced by the trade domes of the 15-16th centuries.
The most surprising is that the old part of the city to this day keeps the atmosphere of those times.
And a trip to Bukhara is, first of all, a journey through time, in contact with the history of Central Asia. It captures the spirit of the fact that some buildings were built in the 9th century!
In general, the preserved heritage of Bukhara is a rare combination of buildings from different epochs that characterize the development of architectural architecture over twenty-five centuries.
Palaces and mosques, mausoleums and minarets create an indelible feeling of being in a real fairy tale of “1000 and one nights”.
Bukhara is not just an ancient city, but it was a kind of Central Asian center that contributed to the history of eastern civilization. In the city there were many great Sufi saints, one of the most revered – Bahauddin Naqshband, whose mausoleum is considered to be Central Asian Mecca. Believers from different Muslim countries come here to ask for the fulfillment of desires and aversion of sins.
At one time, the second most significant Islamic book after the Koran was written in Bukhara – a collection of the most authentic hadiths, “Al-Jami as-sahih”, authored by Imam Al-Bukhari. And Avicenna (Abu Ali ibn Sina), known to the whole world, was from a suburban village of the Bukhara Emirate.
Today Bukhara is the regional center of the Bukhara region of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In 1993, the city was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List, and in 1997, its 2500th anniversary was widely celebrated.
During the years of independence of Uzbekistan, Bukhara (the modern part of the city) has acquired a completely new look. And the city is a unique synthesis of buildings in the eastern style of the Middle Ages and the modern Western – high-rise buildings, business centers and not clay, but glass towers